Understand the effect the persian wars had on the balance of power throughout the classical world key points after the second persian invasion of greece was halted, sparta withdrew from the delian league and reformed the peloponnesian league with its original allies. In these wars, greece, meaning athens and sparta, fought for their independence while persia fought to conquer greece after they rejected king darius's proposal of obtaining greece peacefully greece won the. Athens, sparta and thebes were all in no state to take control over greece, as each had their own internal problems sparta being deplinished of power and strength, athens suffering problems arising from the second athens naval confederacy, and thebes without its leader epaminondas. Traditionally, athens is viewed as a peaceful place where learning and culture were the main activities of its citizens while sparta was considered an aggressive culture determined to be the military power in the greek area.
Athens vs sparta: the academic-military divide i athens and sparta, together the latin and greek by which the founding fathers directly accessed the ideas and. Sparta and athens were the most powerful states of ancient greece they were also each others biggest rivals both had troubles feeding their people as the land around their city-state was barren both had troubles feeding their people as the land around their city-state was barren. Sparta felt like they had lost some of their glory, and got a little defensive causes and effects of the peloponnesian war the war was between sparta, and athens, and the problem started with power.
Sparta was, however, an ally with athens in the defence of greece against the invasion of persian king xerxes, and fought with distinction at thermopylae in 480 bce and at plataea one year later from 480 to 460 bce regional rivalries and revolts by the helots damaged sparta and worse were to follow when rivalry with athens developed into the. The two superpowers of ancient greece were the city states of sparta and athens what led them to prosper surprisingly, they came to power in extremely different ways athens had rich art and culture, while sparta was training the toughest warriors in greece as time passed, the two would change. The contest for hegemy: sparta, thebes, and athens (404 - 350s bc) 1414 the struggle for dominance after the peloponnesian war in the fifty years after the peloponnesian war, sparta, thebes, and athens fought to win a dominant position of international power in the greek world. The peloponnesian war (431-404 bce) between athens and sparta (though involving, directly or indirectly, all of greece) ended in disaster for athens after her defeat her empire and her wealth gone, her walls destroyed, only her reputation as a great seat of learning and culture prevented the sack of the city and the enslavement of the populace.
The ancient greek city of sparta was the greatest military power in ancient greece and played a significant role in history ancient sparta was not as sophisticated as athens, did not create arts and crafts and has not left us any written masterpiece. The democratic ideal became more and more radical as athens gained more power and territory after the defeat of the persians, and their goals while potentially noble also became problematic for other city-states who had a much different concept of independence and autonomy - states like sparta. Two classical greek city-states, athens and sparta, were as similar as they were different regarding political and social structures - compare/contrast athens and sparta introduction. An ancient greek city-state and rival of athens (see also athens) sparta was known for its militaristic government and for its educational system designed to train children to be devoted citizens and brave soldiers.
Ancient greece athens and sparta these conflicts eventually led to athens losing power in ancient greece map of greece and the cities of athens and sparta. Comparing athens and sparta explain that it is a form of government that uses force and power to rule a people in the ancient greek city-state of athens all. The great peloponnesian war (431-404 bc) was a titanic struggle between athens and sparta that engulfed the entire greek world, and that ended with the total defeat of athens and the destruction of her naval empire. What is athens definition and meaning:athens ath'-enz athenai in antiquity the celebrated metropolis of attica, now the capital of greece the governing power.
In summary, sparta and athens may have been in great divergence to each other at their peaks during and around the golden age of greece, but they possessed many parallel relationships in society spartan society and athenian society had many difference and similarities in terms of various aspects of everyday life, military, women and other aspects. The greek city-states, foremost of which were sparta and athens, maintained curious relationships with one another strained those these relations were from time to time, the greeks recognized their ancestral ties, and that mutual defense was their best and only hope against outside aggression from such an overwhelming force as xerxes could. Sparta was a warrior society in ancient greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state athens in the peloponnesian war (431-404. The political power of athens was sometimes quite limited, however, especially after its defeat by sparta in the peloponnesian war pericles was a noted ruler of athens ( see also under world geography.
Athens was a great commercial center for a long time, its navy was the most powerful in greece as her democratic institutions, commercial strength, and naval power grew, athens gradually turned into one of the greatest cultural center the world has ever seen. The delian league of ancient greece: definition & overview the two main greek powers, athens and sparta, began arguing about what to do next the power of the athens provoked war with the. History of ancient sparta name sparta is from a verb meaning i sow or to sow sparta in the seventh century than for any other greek state, including athens, writes historian chester.